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Overview
Most African economies remain largely agrarian, dependent on agriculture and other natural resources as the major source of foreign exchange and employment. However, many African countries are striving to diversify their income base creating numerous opportunities for trade and investment by interested foreign partners.

Major Imports and Exports of Various African Countries:
Angola
1. Exports: $67.2 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton
3. Exports – partners: China 32.7%, US 26.7%, South Africa 9.6%, France 5.5% (2008)
4. Imports: $17.08 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods
6. Imports – partners: Portugal 19.3%, China 14.7%, US 12.3%, Brazil 8.3%, South Africa 5.4%, France 4.3% (2008)
Benin
1. Exports: $894 million (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafood
3. Exports – partners: China 19.7%, Japan 8.9%, India 6.3%, Niger 5.1%, US 4.9%, Nigeria 4.5%, Togo 4.2% (2008)
4. Imports: $1.399 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum products
6. Imports – partners: China 39.8%, US 14%, Thailand 6.9%, France 6.9%, Malaysia 4.2% (2008)
Botswana
1. Exports: $4.904 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles
3. Imports: $4.463 billion (2008 est.)
4. Imports – commodities: foodstuffs, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, metal and metal products.
Cameroun
1. Exports: $4.816 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton
3. Exports – partners: Spain 18.7%, Italy 12.7%, US 10%, South Korea 9.3%, France 7.7%, Netherlands 7.6%, China 5.3% (2008)
4. Imports: $4.303 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food
6. Imports – partners: France 21.6%, Nigeria 14.2%, China 9.2%, Belgium 6.2% (2008)
Congo, Dem Rep
1. Exports: $6.1 billion (2007)
2. Exports – commodities: diamonds, gold, copper, cobalt, wood products, crude oil, coffee
3. Exports – partners: China 44.7%, Belgium 16.9%, Finland 10.5%, US 8.9%, Zambia 4.8% (2008)
4. Imports: $5.2 billion (2007)
5. Imports – commodities: foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels
6. Imports – partners: South Africa 22.1%, Belgium 11.5%, Zambia 8.3%, Zimbabwe 7%, Kenya 5.9%, China 5.6%, France 5.4% (2008)
Cote D’ivoire
1. Exports: $10.41 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
3. Exports – partners: Germany 11.1%, US 10.3%, Netherlands 9.9%, Nigeria 9.4%, France 6.5%, Burkina Faso 4.1% (2008)
4. Imports: $7.155 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs
6. Imports – partners: Nigeria 32%, France 15.1%, China 7.8% (2008)
Egypt
1. Exports:$24.45 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals
3. Exports – partners: US 9.7%, Italy 9.5%, Spain 7.6%, Syria 5.5%, Saudi Arabia 4.9%, UK 4.2% (2007)
4. Imports: $44.95 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels
6. Imports – partners: US 11.7%, China 9.7%, Italy 6.4%, Germany 6.3%, Saudi Arabia 4.7%, Russia 4.3% (2007)
Equatorial Guinea
1. Exports: $13.04 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: petroleum, methanol, timber, cocoa
3. Exports – partners: US 24%, Spain 19.3%, China 16.2%, France 8.4%, Italy 6.3% (2008)
4. Imports: $3.156 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: petroleum sector equipment, other equipment
6. Imports – partners: Spain 15.2%, US 13.4%, France 12.4%, Cote d’Ivoire 11.9%, China 10.4%, Italy 6.3%, UK 5.8% (2008)
Ethiopia
1. Exports: $1.55 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds
3. Exports – partners: US 10.1%, Germany 10%, Saudi Arabia 7.6%, Netherlands 7.1%, Djibouti 6.5%, Italy 5.6%, China 4.9% (2008)
4. Imports: $6.901 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles
6. Imports – partners: China 19.5%, Saudi Arabia 17.9%, India 7.2%, US 5%, Italy 4.4% (2008)
Gabon
1. Exports: $9.333 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: crude oil 70%, timber, manganese, uranium (2001)
3. Exports – partners: US 25.4%, China 17.9%, Japan 10.2%, Malaysia 5.8%, France 5.4%, Spain 4% (2008)
4. Imports: $2.577 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials
6. Imports – partners: France 32.1%, US 11.1%, China 5.2%, Belgium 4.6%, Cameroon 4.4%
Ghana
1. Exports: $5.245 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticulture
3. Exports – partners: Netherlands 15.3%, UK 9.1%, France 6.5%, US 5.8% (2008)
4. Imports: $10.24 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs
6. Imports – partners: China 15.9%, Nigeria 15.8%, US 5.9%, France 4.7%, UK 4.7% (2008)
Guinea
1. Exports: $1.392 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
3. Exports – partners: Spain 11.6%, Russia 11%, Ukraine 9.7%, Germany 7.7%, South Korea 7.2%, US 6.7%, China 5.6%, Ireland 4.8%, France 4.8% (2008)
4. Imports: $1.388 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs
6. Imports – partners: China 10.3%, France 7.8%, Netherlands 7.6% (2008)
Kenya
1. Exports: $4.958 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement
3. Exports – partners: Uganda 16.4%, UK 9.1%, Netherlands 8.3%, Tanzania 7.9%, US 5.8%, Pakistan 5.1% (2008)
4. Imports: $11.07 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics
6. Imports – partners: UAE 12.5%, China 10.5%, Saudi Arabia 8.7%, India 8.3%, South Africa 6.6%, Japan 5.6%, US 4.2% (2008)
Mali
1. Exports: $830 million (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: tobacco 53%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel
3. Exports – partners: South Africa 10.8%, Egypt 9.8%, Zimbabwe 8.7%, US 7.4%, Netherlands 7%, Russia 5.8%, Germany 5.7% (2008)
4. Imports: $1.587 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment
6. Imports – partners: South Africa 35.7%, India 8.1%, China 7.2%, Tanzania 5.8%, US 4.5%
Morocco
1. Exports: $12.75 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: clothing and textiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish
3. Exports – partners: Spain 21.2%, France 19%, Italy 4.9%, UK 4.6%, India 4.2% (2007)
4. Imports: $28.5 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics
6. Imports – partners: France 16.1%, Spain 13.6%, China 7.3%, Italy 6.7%, Saudi Arabia 6.4%, Germany 5.9%, US 4.5%, Netherlands 4.1% (2007)
Mozambique
1. Exports: $2.412 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber; bulk electricity
3. Exports – partners: Italy 19.4%, Belgium 18.4%, Spain 12.5%, South Africa 12.3%, UK 7.3%, China 4.1% (2007)
4. Imports: $2.811 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal products, foodstuffs, textiles
6. Imports – partners: South Africa 36.7%, Australia 8.5%, China 4.6% (2007)
Niger
1. Exports: $428 million (2006)
2. Exports – commodities: uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions
3. Exports – partners: Japan 80.4%, Nigeria 8.5%, France 2.9% (2008)
4. Imports: $800 million (2006)
5. Imports – commodities: foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals
6. Imports – partners: France 19.4%, Nigeria 8.6%, China 8.5%, French Polynesia 7.6%, Belgium 5%, Cote d’Ivoire 4.9% (2008)
Nigeria
1. Exports: $61.79 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber
3. Exports – partners: US 51.6%, Brazil 8.9%, Spain 7.7% (2007)
4. Imports: $38.5 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals
6. Imports – partners: China 10.6%, Netherlands 7.9%, US 7.8%, South Korea 6.6%, UK 5.7%, France 4.3%, Brazil 4.2%, Germany 4.1% (2007)
Rwanda
1. Exports – commodities: coffee, tea, hides, tin ore
2. Exports – partners: China 9.1%, Thailand 8.8%, Germany 7.5%, US 4.6%, Belgium 4.2% (2008)
3. Imports: $809 million (2008 est.)
4. Imports – commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, steel, petroleum products, cement and construction material
5. Imports – partners: Kenya 17.1%, China 6.2%, Uganda 6%, Belgium 5.9%, Germany 5.1%
Senegal
1. Exports: $1.65 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
3. Exports – partners: Mali 18.9%, France 9.1%, Italy 5.9%, India 5.7%, Gambia, The 5.2% (2007)
4. Imports: $3.731 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: food and beverages, capital goods, fuels
6. Imports – partners: France 22.2%, Netherlands 10%, China 7.4%, UK 6.2%, Thailand 5.2%, Belgium 4.5% (2007)
Sierra Leone
1. Exports: $216 million (2006)
2. Exports – commodities: diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish
3. Exports – partners: Belgium 41%, US 23.2%, France 5.7%, Netherlands 4.3% (2008)
4. Imports: $560 million (2006)
5. Imports – commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals
6. Imports – partners: China 10.5%, Cote d’Ivoire 8.9%, US 7.9%, Belgium 6.7%, UK 6.7%, Thailand 5.2%, India 4.2% (2008)
South Africa
1. Exports: $76.19 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment
3. Exports – partners: US 11.9%, Japan 11.1%, Germany 8%, UK 7.7%, China 6.6%, Netherlands 4.5% (2007)
4. Imports: $81.89 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs
6. Imports – partners: Germany 10.9%, China 10%, Spain 8.2%, US 7.2%, Japan 6.1%, UK 4.5%, Saudi Arabia 4.2% (2007)
Sudan
1. Exports: $12.15 billion (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, sugar
3. Exports – partners: China 56.3%, Japan 30%, Indonesia 4.9% (2008)
4. Imports: $9.339 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles, wheat
6. Imports – partners: China 24.9%, Saudi Arabia 8%, UAE 5.9%, India 5.8%, Egypt 5.3%
Togo
1. Exports: $782 million (2008 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: reexports, cotton, phosphates, coffee, cocoa
3. Exports – partners: Ghana 14.3%, Burkina Faso 12.4%, Germany 11%, Benin 7.8%, Brazil 5.6%, Belgium 5.4%, Mali 5%, Netherlands 4.8% (2008)
4. Imports: $1.549 billion (2008 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products
6. Imports – partners: China 39.1%, Netherlands 7.9%, France 7.2%, Thailand 5.1% (2008)
Tunisia
1. Exports: $15.15 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
2. Exports – commodities: clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment
3. Exports – partners: France 31.3%, Italy 21%, Germany 8.5%, Spain 5.5%, Libya 5.5% (2007)
4. Imports: $18.02 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
5. Imports – commodities: textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs
6. Imports – partners: France 23.8%, Italy 21.9%, Germany 9.7%, Spain 5%, Libya 4.4% (2007)
Conclusion.
Nigeria has one of the biggest markets interms of international trade. Most countries in Africa and the world at large has atleast a little or more transactions with her(Nigeria).